[45] The Corallia Innovation Hub, Innohub hosts many companies focusing on Microelectronics. [citation needed] The remains of the facilities still cover hundreds of acres in the south side of the city. Local Business. By the 9th century, there are strong signs the city was prosperous: the widow Danielis from Patras had accumulated immense wealth in land ownership,[citation needed] the carpet and textile industry, and offered critical support in the ascent of Basil I the Macedonian to the Byzantine throne. [citation needed] The University of Patras contributed by working towards this goal, using its service and technology sectors. A large range of private hospitals and clinics operate in parallel. A new double standard gauge railway line to Korinth and further to Athens is under construction. The new city was planned under the supervision of Stamatis Voulgaris following orders by Ioannis Kapodistrias. Postcard with King George I Square in the late 19th century. This is the result of an interplay between natural geography and human settlement patterns; the lower section of the city (Kato Poli), which includes the 19th-century urban core and the port, is adjacent to the sea and stretches between the estuaries of the rivers of Glafkos and Haradros. In 2006 various cultural events were held in the context of the European Capital of Culture. The curry tree is scientifically known as Murraya koenigii Spreng and it belongs to the Rutaceae family. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. The port manages more than half of the foreign sea-passenger transportation in Greece,[60] and has excellent car-ferry links with the Ionian islands and the major Adriatic ports of Italy. Oriya word book, Oriya dictionary, Oriya Translation. Patras and its region is home to various Ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine Monuments, including the Roman Odeon, the Fortress of Rio and the Fortress (castle) of Patras. [citation needed] After the war, most of the city and its buildings were completely destroyed. [11] The city benefited from its role as the main export port for the agricultural produce of the Peloponnese.[12]. Flower, Leaves, Root -Astringent, cardiac tonic Blood purifier, gynecological problem, cough, ringworm & ulcers. In 1772 a naval battle took place off the city between the Russians and Ottomans. The city is the seat of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Patras. [48][49] CBL Patras, a global manufacturer of specialty chemicals and active pharmaceutical ingredients, is a startup from a professor of the University of Patras. Leaves- Haemostatic, Cough, asthma, jaundice, piles,  stimulant. 4 k7-d II PM7- IiEngineers Group Ltd. E.12,Mojl C*la, MaIya Napr Jaipur- 302017 (INDA) Tel 0141-220899 25218992520658Fx - 2521348 1 E-mail: cegOaindiacom URL wwwIcgindla.com I Consulting Enzineers Group Ltd.. [65] Two large highways are under construction that will connect the seacoast and the new port with the Bypass of Patras. [38][39] ECOFEED operates in the industrial zone of Patras, the largest fish-feeds factory in the Mediterranean. There has been a significant development in the R&D sector, in the last few years, as a result of the many research institutes and the University impact in the area. Patras is also a pilot city of the Council of Europe and EU Intercultural cities programme. Before the economic crisis, there were proposals for reestablishment of tram lines. There also exists two smaller state hospitals, Karamandanio - a children's hospital, and the Center of Chest Diseases of Southwestern Greece. Other cultural institutes are: the Visual Arts Workshop, the icon painting school, the Carnival Float Workshop, the Municipal Library, the Municipal Gallery, along with many private art galleries. The events begin in January and last until Clean Monday. Forest Work Experience 2015-16 1 | P a g e 1 STUDY OF FRUIT CROP IN CHES, AIGINIA, BBSR Date- 8th Sept 2015 Teacher- Sri. Since 2011, the city is also the capital of the administrative division, which includes (along with Western Greece) the regions of Peloponnese and the Ionian Islands. Patras has several packing and industrial equipment companies. Ferries to Italy now dock there. Seasonal civilian air transport is provided by the military Patras Araxos Airport, about 40 km (25 mi) from the city's centre. Audio Books & Poetry Community Audio Computers & Technology Music, Arts & Culture News & Public Affairs Non-English Audio Spirituality & Religion. Patras hosts several timber manufacturing companies, and a wood distribution center of Shelman. Flower, Fruit-Purgative Febrifuge, Root-Tonic, Useful in jaundice, asthma, diarrhea, skin diseases. Patras and NO Patras are historically the major sports clubs based in the city, specialising in football, basketball, volleyball and water polo. The city's national stadium, Pampeloponnisiako Stadium, was renovated and expanded in 2004. As in the rest of the country, the largest denomination is the Orthodox Church, which represents the majority of the population. medicinal plant garden, an Orchidarium, cactus and other succulent house, ..... gardens for its medicinal properties. Root - General debility, insomnia, rheumatism, asthma, Leaf- Fever,  Fruit- Diuretic,  Seeds- Hypnotic. Patras is bypassed by the Olympia Odos (A8) motorway, which is also part of the E55 route that crosses the Rio-Antirio Bridge, dominating the sealine across the Gulf of Corinth. Podcasts. [64] A mini ring road (known as the "Mini bypass" of Patras) is now being constructed to alleviate heavy traffic-related problems in the city centre. Under the Ottomans, it was known as "Baliabadra", from the Greek: Παλαιά Πάτρα ('Old Patras'), as opposed to Νέα Πάτρα ('new Patra'), the town of Ypati in Central Greece. Athens 1980, Population data from 1853 to 1920 are cited from: Kosta N. Triantafyllou, "Istorikon Lexikon ton Patron: Istoria tis poleos ton Patron apo arxaiotaton xronon eos simeron kata alphavitikin eidologikin katataksin" 3rd edition, Patrai 1995, Data on municipal and urban population refer to, Learn how and when to remove this template message, population exchange between Greece and Turkey, 1995 Men's European Volleyball Championship, Rhythmic Gymnastics European Championships, 2007 World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships, central passenger train station of Patras, List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece, "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. Old Odia (3rd century BC): The earliest evidence of old Odia is found in the 3rd century BC Ashoka edit of Dhauli and 1st century BC Hathigumpha inscription.The old colloquial literature is the Charyapada, poetry written in an Apabhra?sa ancestral to Odia, Bengali, Assamese and Maithili. From 2011 on, can data also reflect the city's urban area population, as all the municipalities that made up the Patras Urban Area were joined to create the new larger Patras municipality, formed at the 2011 local government reform. Patras has several sports facilities and important teams in almost all the major Greek leagues. During the 19th century many neoclassical buildings were constructed in the city. Its main economic activities include retailing, logistics, financial and public sector services. The Rio-Antirio Bridge connects Patras' easternmost suburb of Rio to the town of Antirrio, connecting the Peloponnese peninsula with mainland Greece. The following list presents demographic data on the municipality of Patras over the years 2012. The study was conducted on seven tribal communities namely Bathui, Binjhal, Gond Oraon, Sabara, Saura and Santal to assess the diversity of plant species consumed as green leafy vegetables (GLVs). Further, four poles/programmes of cultural attraction will be developed. © 2021 Department Of Botany, Banki Autonomous College, Banki (Bankicollege.org), Banki Autonomous College, Banki, Cuttack, Odisha - 754008, +91 9583 52 9117 [whatsapp(Webpage Admin :D], Odia plants' names and their Botanical names, Flower, Leaves- Cough, Cold, Digestive, Febrifuge, Colour blindness, Headache, Epilepsy, Leaves, Root - Rheumatism, Neuralgia, fever, Cold, Leave, Root- Blood purifier,  Astringent, Diuretic, Promotes urination, Fever, Dysentery, Stomach diseases, Flower-Toothache, Mouth diseases,  Root-Purgative, Uretic, Skin diseases. [14] More specifically, the main sights of the city are: As a part of the 2006 European Capital of Culture programme, there was a project for the restoration of the city's architectural heritage. Unripe Fruit- Astringent, Ripe fruit-Tonic, Leave-Diuretic , Root bark- Bleeding, Piles, Root, Leaves, Stem - Anti-Asthmatic, Blood purifier, Piles, insect sting, UTI, Cough & Cold,  Skin diseases, revitaliser, Leaves- Stomach trouble, Blood purifier, Epilepsy, Flower, Fruits - Piles, fever, asthma, cough, diuretic, sun stroke, Fruit - Revitaliser, tonic for  heart, eyes, hair, skin & brain, hyper-acidity, cough & cold, diabetes, Root, Leaves -  Anti-Asthmatic, Cough, Fever, Blood purifier, Insect sting , Urinary disease, Root, whole plant -Astringent, Diuretic, piles, skin diseases, general debility, Stomachic, Root, Leaves, Flower-Diuretic, Head ache, Migraine, memory tonic , chronic fever, Leaves, Flower-Diuretic, Head ache, Migraine, memory tonic , chronic fever, Flower, root, leaves - Skin diseases, cold, cough, asthma, fever, scorpion sting, Flower-Stomachic, Ant asthmatic, Leaves-External swelling Root-Bronchitis, Bark -Cardiac Tonic, Hypertension, Blood dysentery, Chronic fever, Fracture, Insect sting, Flower – Tumor, Vomiting, Snake bite, Root -Emetic, Urinary disorder. In the Axis occupation period, a German military command was established and German and Italian troops stationed in the city. Autumn in Patras, however, is wetter than spring. [37] A central feature of the urban geography of Patras is its division into upper and lower sections. [43], Intracom (Greece's largest multinational provider of telecommunications products) facilities in Patras house the offices of Telecommunications Software Development, Terminal Equipment Design, Development Programmes, and Support Services divisions. Nobacco, a Greek electronic cigarette brand, works mainly with cooperation with the university of Patras. The new Archaeological museum was completed in 2009. The city is built at the foot of Mount Panachaikon, overlooking the Gulf of Patras. It was inaugurated in 1974. [citation needed] Α representative example are the façades around the central square of the city (Georgiou I square). The Selection Panel for 2006 noted in its final report: The current cultural activity of the city includes the Patras International Festival (various artistic activities, mainly in the field of music), the Patras Carnival and the Poetry Symposium (organised each year for the 25 years by an ad hoc committee at the University of Patras). [68] Patras will also be the central hub of the Ionia Odos highway, intended to bridge western Greece from Kalamata to Ioannina. The city is also a host to the FORTH-ICE-HT (Institute of Chemical Engineering & High Temperature Chemical Processes)[52] and the Institute of Biomedical Technology. National Statistical Service of Greece. [citation needed]. [citation needed], Patra is a relatively newly built city, as its medieval buildings were completely destroyed in the Greek War of Independence. Librivox Free Audiobook. Ancient Patras was formed by the unification of three Mycenaean villages in modern Aroi, namely ancient Aroe, Antheia (from mythological Antheia) and Mesatis. The most significant church in the city is the Orthodox Cathedral Church of Saint Andrew, in the south west of the city center.The construction of the church began in 1908 under the supervision of the architect Anastasios Metaxas, followed by Georgios Nomikos. Patras still has a large manufacturing base for a variety of industries. Another large Greek IT company, Unisystems announced recently (October 2018) the signing of a cooperation agreement with the Patras-based IT company Knowledge SA, that lays the foundation for the establishment of a Remote Development Center in Patras.[47]. [clarification needed]. area and average elevation)", "European Culture Capital, Patras Venues", "Ktizon, Presentation of the Archaeological museum of Patras", "Παραδίδεται το έργο της ανάπλασης της Αγοράς Αργύρη - Οικονομία - The Best News", "Greek Statistics Organization, Tourism data - 2006", "λκμκ αρχιτέκτονες μηχανικοί - Βιομηχανικοί χώροι - Εργοστάσιο Παραγωγής Ιχθυοτροφών στην ΒΙ.ΠΕ. The architectural heritage of the city is dominated by neo-classicism, but also includes structures from other periods. In addition, Patras has been a Christian centre since the early days of Christianity, and it is the city where Saint Andrew was crucified. The main features of this wetland are its apparent survival difficulty, being at the heart of a densely populated urban centre that features a relatively arid climate and its admittedly high level of biodiversity, with over 90 species of birds being observed until the early 1990s, according to a study by the Patras Bureau of the Hellenic Ornithological Society.[7]. [66][67] Another project will lead to an additional entrance to the downtown area by expanding Kanakari street. The Ottoman baths (16th century), still retain their initial use, and are one of the oldest Ottoman baths surviving in Europe. The cultural and educational facilities include the Municipal Library, the university libraries, many theatres, the municipal art gallery,[33] the University of Patras's facilities, the Hellenic Open University and the Technical Institute of Patras. Department Of Botany,Banki Autonomous College, Banki, Department Of Botany, Banki Autonomous College, Banki (Bankicollege.org). The first, "A city for Europe", will relate to the architectural heritage, the industrial revolution and similar subjects. As of the 2011 census, the city of Patras has a population of 167,446 and the municipal unit has 170,896 inhabitants; the municipality has 213,984 inhabitants. The largest river in the area is the Glafkos, flowing to the south of Patras. Patras was chosen by the European Commission to be the European Capital of Culture for the year 2006. [34] This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 04:52. This coin was designed to commemorate an event signaling an enlightened course for Patras and serving as a reminder of the way in which culture can stimulate the economy and promote development, when Patras was appointed European Capital of Culture. E1584 VOL. Patras is also home to important fish-farming companies (Andromeda, Nireus). The latter hosts a full-time professional theatre group, while there are several amateur groups performing in the city. [46] Among them one of the largest is the multinational software company Citrix Systems which operates a R&D centre with more than 100 computer scientists and engineers. The largest local company is Abex. Patras was selected as main motif for the €10 Greek Patras 2006 commemorative coin, minted in 2006. Since 2014, mayor of the city is Kostas Peletidis. In the Roman period, it had become a cosmopolitan center of the eastern Mediterranean whilst, according to the Christian tradition, it was also the place of Saint Andrew's martyrdom. Later on, and following the Roman occupation of Greece in 146 BC, Patras played a key role, and Augustus refounded the city as a Roman colony in the area. All the urban bus lines are about 40, with three numbers. [citation needed], Patras' center is characterised by a composition of architectural currents and trends. In the Byzantine era Patras continued to be an important port as well as an industrial centre. Patras Science Park is an incubator for many small but upcoming technology companies. It holds relics of Andrew the Apostle, which were returned to the city of Patras from St. Peter's Basilica, Rome in September, 1964, on the orders of Pope Paul VI. [58] Since 2009, a new event, the Patras International Circuit Kart takes place every September, turning the city streets into a circuit. [citation needed] One of the most scholarly philosophers and theologians of the time, Arethas of Caesarea was born at Patrae, at around 860. It is native to India and is usually found in tropical and subtropical regions. Flower& Leaves-Fever, Cold, Cough, Stomach disorder. Patras companies also focus in dress production, the most important among them being DUR. The once omnipresent textile industry of the city is now almost defunct after the shut-down of the huge factory of Peiraiki-Patraiki (Πειραϊκή-Πατραϊκή), followed by numerous smaller textile industries. The city is one of the main Greek internet and GRNET hubs and is connected with high speed lines to Athens as part of the backbone. [42] The Public Electric Company, operates a small hydroelectric plant on river Glafkos. A newly constructed, 20-kilometre (12 mi) ring road (the Bypass of Patras) was first opened in 2002 in order to alleviate heavy traffic throughout the city. Notable features of the Patras Carnival include its mammoth satirical floats and balls and parades, enjoyed by hundreds of thousands of visitors in a Mediterranean climate. Stem bark, fruit, root -Febrifugal, Antdiuretic Blood dysentery, sun stroke, thirst in fever, urine problem,  renal & cystic calculi, aphrodisiac, complexion promoter, galactogogue, Flower, while plant -Astringent, Cardiac tonic, Tonic for general debility, aphrodisiac, skin diseases, habitual abortion, Leaves/ whole plant- Insect sting, Cough & cold, Febrifuge, Skin diseases, Stimulant, Diaphoretic, Anthelmintic & Jaundice, Fruit- Worm infection & skin diseases, Jaundice, insanity, epilepsy, fistula, Bark, Flower-Skin disease, Tonsillitis,  Obesity Anthelmintic, , bleeding, wounds, cough, Leave ,Root-Emetic, Ear disease,  insect sting, cardiac tonic, Root- Cough, fever,  skin diseases, aphrodisiac, Roots, Leave-Anti-inflammatory, Acne, skin disease, insect sting, Hemorrhoids, Antifungal, Latex- Diarrhea, Carminative Inflammation, rheumatism, laxative, stomach-ache, tumors & boils, aphrodisiac, Leaves, Seeds -Spasmolytic, Anti bacterial Fever, Skin diseases, Cough, Vomiting, to increase sweat, Bark-Astringent, Analgesic Stimulant, Purgative, Skin diseases,  Emmenagogue & Febrifuge, Bark, flower, leaves, latex -  Purgative, Skin diseases, Tooth ache, Aphrodisiac, Bark - Purgative, Skin diseases, Tooth ache, Aphrodisiac, Bark, Heart wood-Astringent, Blood purifier Conjunctivitis, Stomach ache, DiarrheaPharyngitis, Digestive, Haemostatic, Tonic, Skin diseases, Diarrhea, Seeds, bark- Nervine tonic, CNS stimulant , Fever,  arthritis,  colic pain, Whole plant-Cough, Fever, stimulant, laxative, Leaves, Flower, Bark-Burn, Diuretic, emetic, ulcer, laxative, Bark-  Astringent, Diarrhea , Dysentery rheumatism, skin diseases, Bark,Fruit -  Astringent,Skin erruption , Bronchitis, Fruit bud- Tooth ache, Carminative, Anti emetic digestive, stimulant, cough & cold. A replica of Patras Lighthouse, the city's emblematic old lighthouse – which was at the dock of Ayios Nikolaos – rises at the end of Trion Navarchon street, near the temple of Saint Andreas. Bark-Carminative, Expectorant Stimulant, digestive, cough, bleeding, pain, tuberculosis. Leave, Flower-Diuretic, Ant-helmintic Skin disease, Aphrodisiac, mental debility, antiseptic, astringent, Seed Kernel-Astringent, Digestive, Carminative, Seed oil-Inflammation, rheumatism, laxative, stomach-ache, tumors & boils, aphrodisiac, Fruit & Bark -Stomachic, Diuretic, Anti diabetic, haemostatic, arthritis, dysentery, vomiting, skin diseases, Root, Bark -Expectorant, Anti diabetic Alterant,  intellect promoting, cold & cough, rheumatism, heart disease, aphrodisiac, Fruit, bark, leaves- Dysentery, aphrodisiac, appetizer, skin diseases. Vianex, owned by Pavlos Giannakopoulos, has its largest production facilities in the industrial area of the city.[50]. Patras has also a very strong indie rock scene with critically acclaimed bands such as Raining Pleasure, Abbie Gale, Serpentine, Doch an Doris and others. The older upper section (Ano Poli) covers the area of the pre-modern settlement, around the Fortress, on what is the last elevation of Mount Panachaikon (1,926 m (6,319 ft))[4] before the Gulf of Patras. [44] INTRASOFT, another core company of INTRACOM holdings group, has recently (2018) began operations in Patras and it is expected to expand its activities in 2019. Regional bus links are provided by the KTEL bus company and connect the city to most of Greece. Root-Digestive, Piles, Cough,  Leprosy,   Diarrhea, Scabies,  Ulcer, Rhizome-Nervine tonic  Jaundice, Asthma, Skin diseases, Flower, Root - Inflammation of cornea, Tooth ache, Leaves- Carminative, Hypoglycemic , Diabetes, Cold, Leaves, Seeds-Improves memory, Brain tonic, madness, disease of skin & nerve, Root- Antibacterial, Anti inflammatory, Paralysis, Obesity, Leaves, Seeds-Cold, cough Bronchitis Asthma, fever, Malaria, acne, memory tonic, revitalizer,  insect sting, Leaves, stem, bark - Mouth ulcer, antiseptic, toothache, astringent, digestive. The city is also home to many leading Greek wineries and distilleries, among them the venerable Achaia Clauss and Parparoussi located in Rio. Two major state hospitals operate in the city: the Agios Andreas Hospital is the oldest of the two; and General University Hospital of Patras. The most notable of these are the Psila Alonia and the Georgiou I Square. Apart from the city center, the main districts of Patras are: Patras is the regional capital of Western Greece and the capital of the Achaea regional unit. 31 likes. [40] The city hosts the second-largest flour-mills in Greece, Kepenou-Mills. The concept of the event revolved around the main theme of "Bridges" and "Dialogues", drawing benefit from the city's rich history and its position as a "Gate to the West", to underline the essence of the productive interaction of culture and civilisations in Europe. The highway connection with Athens and Pyrgos is to be greatly upgraded. A rudimentary single, narrow gauge railway track crosses the city and connects it to Rio. Of great importance for the biological diversity of the area and the preservation of its climate is the swamp of Agyia, a small and coastal aquatic ecosystem of only 30 ha (74 acres), north of the city centre. Though Mehmet granted the city special privileges and tax reductions, it never became a major centre of commerce. Paediatrics-in-Ayurveda.pdf - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Among the artists presenting their work in Patras were: Gary Burton, Maxim Shostakovich, Ian Anderson - with the Patras Municipal Orchestra, Jean Louis Trintignant, Roberto Benigni, Eros Ramazzotti and José Carreras. The current municipality of Patras was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of 5 municipalities that made up the Patras Urban Area. After World War II, the community almost disappeared and the last synagogue closed in 1950. Fruit, Flower, Leaves - Astringent, Stomachic, digestive, Tonic, bleeding from nose, dysentery, piles. Additionally, a new port was built in the southern section of the city to accommodate the increased traffic and relieve the city centre from port operations. Oriya traditional words. In 1408, Patras became Venetian, until it was recaptured in 1430 by the Despotate of Morea and its despot Constantine Palaiologos, who thus succeeded in recovering for the Byzantine Empire the whole of the Morea, apart from Venetian possessions. It was in Roman times that it became an important port. The International Festival of Patras takes place every summer, with a program consisting mostly of plays—both ancient drama and modern theatre—as well as various musical events. "The counterpart cities" programme will be developed in the fields of human and social sciences and in diverse artistic fields. research paper related to ethnobotany Shishu Veda, Amara Kosha, Gorakha Samhita, Kalasha Chautisha, Saptan… Every year, in February, the city hosts one of Europe's largest carnivals. The construction works are currently (2018) in progress close to the suburbs of Patras, but the remaining few Kilometres till the city centre and the new port are still under study because of various financial and technical problems. Venice and Genoa attacked and captured it several times in the 15th and 16th centuries, but never re-established their rule effectively, except for a period of Venetian rule in 1687–1715 after the Morean War.[9]. It became the seat of the Barony of Patras, and its Latin archbishop primate of the principality. The Agiou Nikolaou Stairs, Gerokostopoulou Stairs, Patreos Stairs and Trion Navarchon Stairs, outdoor grand staircases all over the centre of the city dividing the upper town from downtown. [citation needed], Some of the largest industries in the city belong to the soft drinks and drinks sector. Other Roman monuments include the ruins of the Roman stadium, remains of the Roman wall and a preserved bridge over the river Kallinaos. This Webpage is maintained by Alumni members of #TheLastBenchers, #MaaCharchikaGroup and #AndroidGamers. In the past regional rail links were provided by the Hellenic Railways Organisation, connecting Patras to Athens and Piraeus as well as to Pyrgos and Kalamata. ", "WESTPOINT - Mια αρχιτεκτονική βόλτα στην Πάτρα", Αρχιτεκτονικοί θησαυροί της Πάτρας που έγιναν πολυκατοικίες, "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. The city has always been a sea-trade hub because of its strategic position. Editions, Athens 2005, ΕΤ1 TV, broadcast "Mεταμουσείο",The New Archaeological Museum of Patras,18/03/2013|, 1928–1980 statistical data are from: "The population of Greece in the second half of the 20th century". This programme will among other things concentrate on art workshops, the transfer of know-how, way of life and entertainment.[55][56]. [citation needed] As a result, a considerable portion of the city's workforce and the city's economic planning in its entirety had to be re-evaluated and restructured by the authorities giving emphasis on the scientific research and technology sector. A number of research facilities are also established in the university campus area. Πατρών", Intrasoft launched the new branch operation in the suburbs of Patras, an article in newspaper "GNOMI" (13/11/2018), "Uni Systems opens Remote Development Center in cooperation with Knowledge Broadband Services | Unisystems", "Awards of the 7th International Venture Capital Forum", "Institute of Chemical Engineering & High Temperature Chemical Processes", "Southern Passenger Port | Οργανισμός Λιμένος Πατρών", "Works under construction in the region of Western Greece", "Road Axis Patra - Athens - Thessaloniki - Evzoni", "ΤΡΑΙΝΟΣΕ: Διακοπή δρομολογίων και αύξηση κομίστρων | naftemporiki.gr", "Patras Municipality - Fraternize Cities", "Online site translation into English and other languages – Yandex.Translate", "Russian Sailing Ship Docks in Patras for Twinning with Kaliningrad - GreekReporter.com", official website of the Carnival of Patras, Peloponnese, Western Greece and the Ionian, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Patras&oldid=997980586, Mediterranean port cities and towns in Greece, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with Greek-language sources (el), Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Instances of Lang-el using second unnamed parameter, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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