The region represents 16.04% of the total geographical area of Himachal Pradesh. The forest of Himachal Pradesh are characterized by temperate conifer, mixed forest (moist and dry temperate forest), subalpine forest, tropical forest (moist deciduous, swamp, and subtropical pine forest) and broad-leaved forest (tropical dry deciduous and subtropical dry evergreen forest). CSIR‐Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, 176 061 Himachal Pradesh, India. Learn how your comment data is processed. -areas of Chamba, kangra, Bilaspur, hamirpur etc. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Different types of climatic conditions result into varied cropping patterns. Climate Sub -Tropical consists of foothills and valley area having elevation from 350m to 650 m above sea level. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. This elevation zone represents mid hill to high hills and receives snowfall in high hills during winter months. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State. – moist soil and seasonally high rainfall -in middle and upper parts of state In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour, and Una districts experience sub tropical … The major crops grown are Wheat,Barley, Pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat and Amaranthus. Government of Himachal Pradesh – Forest Department Integrated Project for Source Sustainability and Climate Resilient Rain-fed Agriculture ESA, ESMF and ESMP – Final Report 26 December 2019 7 HIMCOSTE Himachal Pradesh State Council for Science Technology & Environment HPFD Himachal Pradesh Forest Department -sub toripcal/sub montane low hills The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, … 2.Temprate climate- (1290 m amsl) represents mid-hill humid zone, Bajaura (1220 m amsl) represents mid-hill sub-humid zone and Dhaulakuan (468 m amsl) represents sub-montane and low-hills sub-tropical zone of Himachal Pradesh. Monsoon season in Himachal Pradesh receives more than 70 % of its total rainfall. Sup types fruit crops in the face of climate change. . It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. 2.Temprate climate © Kangra, Himachal Pradesh , Developed and hosted by National Informatics Centre, Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Government of India. Spiti is the driest area of the state (rainfall below 50mm). According to geographical features of Himachal Pradesh , it has 3 climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh : 1. Himachal Pradesh, state of India, in the extreme northern part of the Asian subcontinent. 3.2-moist alpine zone(3500-4500) 1.Tropical climate 1.2- sub tropical climate Agro Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh SHIVALIK HILL ZONE: Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH | HIMACHAL GENERAL KNOWLEDGE | HIMACHAL PARIKSHA RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Due to variation in elevation(350m-7025m) the climatic conditions are also variable in the state.The climatic conditions vary from hot and subhumid tropical in the south-west to temperate, … SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. 2.2-Cool humid temprate zone growing in different agro‐climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh, India Robin Joshi. Sub-Tropical Sub Mountain Low-Hills Zone: This zone comprises of low hills and valley areas up to an elevation of 914 meters above sea level The maximum rainfall is in Kangra district. The reason is that it is enclosed by high mountains on all sides. Do You have any suggestions or queries? 1. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. Due to extremely low temperature, the precipitation in this region occurs in the form of snow. It Comprises of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur Districts and Pangi Tehsil of Chamba District lying about 2,200 meters above mean sea level. 9 Vegetation Density Map Fig. 2. 1. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold glacial and alpine (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high elevated mountain ranges. 4 Agro-climatic Zones of Himachal Pradesh Fig. Analysis of the essential oil of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. j) Barley. Fig. We are a group of common people from different places with same motive – To help aspirants especially from Himachal Pradesh for their upcoming exams. He is presently working in Public Sector Bank. 8 Lithology Map of Himachal Pradesh Fig. FLORICULTURE YEARLY WORK SCHEDULE. 3.Higher alpine Arctic climate, 1.Tropical climate It is having mild temperate climate. Of all the state districts, Dharamsala receives the highest rainfall, nearly about 3400 mm. 3.3- alpine or freezed Arctic(above 4500) Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. DISTRICT WISE AREA UNDER FLOWER CROPS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH AS ON 2000 - 2020. Plant material available in the Departmental Flower Nurseries & Model Floriculture Centers. -confined to Shimla, kotgarh, kotkhai, nalagarh, chamba, churah, kullu It is ideally suited for the production of quality Seed Potato, temperate and European type of Vegetables and their Seeds, Seed Potato, Peas as green and seed purposes. The area is ideally suited for the production of quality seed Potato and temperate Vegetables. 3.1-sub alpine (upto 3500) 3.2-moist alpine zone (3500-4500) 3.3- alpine or freezed Arctic (above 4500) -majorly in rain shadow area. This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. -high snow fall. Shiwalik Hill Zone (Sub Tropical Mountain and Low Hills): Comprising of upland of part of Chamba, Kangra, Hamirpur,Solan, Sirmour and Bilaspur districts. Its capital city is Shimla. -majorly in rain shadow area The normal rainfall is 152 cm. The decadal and recent five years surplus water balance was worked out for each month to relate to the climate change There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Climate of Himachal Pradesh. In Leisure time He loves to play guitar, produce music and watching movies. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State. It is further divided as follows- 3.1-sub alpine(upto 3500) Patiala is 68 miles from Shimla, so the actual climate in Shimla can vary a bit. Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. In the first climatic zone i.e., up to height of 4,000 ft. (1200 m approx. The state has been divided into four agro-ecological zones based on precipitation, altitude, and irrigation. A. Also Read: Know more about Lahaul and Spiti (Interesting and Unknown facts). -lower shiwalik and dun area It varies from mild to cold in areas under snow in winters. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). … Know more about Lahaul and Spiti (Interesting and Unknown facts), H.P.Adminstrative Services Examination MCQ -1. Its climate, is largely conditioned by the single factor. The study site of Kullu district represents 1200-2500 m above mean sea level. 6 Land Use/ Land Cover in Himachal Pradesh Fig. 1.1-Lower tropical climate Annual Weather Averages in Patiala. Mandi Climate (India) >>Mandi Weather by month // weather averages >>Mandi Climate graph // Weather by Month >>Mandi average temperature >>Mandi Weather; Mandi climate summary The Mandi lies on 756m above sea level Mandi's climate is classified as warm and temperate. It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. -ex-kinnaur, pangi, lahaul spiti, other major peaks in Himachal. This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. ), where climatic conditions are mild throughout the year, i.e., pleasant summers, mild winters and medium rain falls. -hottest area Current local time in India – Himachal Pradesh – Shimla. DHGK is dedicated to improvising the knowledge and boosting the confidence of the aspirants such that they develop a positive attitude towards the examination. Himachal Pradesh To understand climate change and its impact on the Himalayan Eco-System by developing and implementing mountain spicific adaptation plans based on vulnerability,risk scenario and by enhancing capacity of all stake holders to combat the threat of climate change. Explore Shimla's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. CLASSIFICATION ON THE BASIS OF HP ECONOMIC SURVEY, -this classification is termed as Agro climatic classification of Himachal pradesh. The Lower-Ganga plain region. 5 Biological Richness in Himachal Pradesh Fig. 3.1.3 Climate Himachal Pradesh lies in the lap of Himalayas. -sub temprate/sub humid mid hills COMMERCIAL FLORICULTURE IN HIMACHAL PRADESH Agro Climatic Zones for Floriculture -wet temprate high hills -dry temprate high hills and cold deserts, B) But for simplification and detailed study we will divide climatic Regions of Himachal pradesh as follows The climate varies across the state with the altitude. -High rainfall Analysis of the essential oil of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. … The agriculture department of Himachal Pradesh has divided the farming zone into 4 parts based on climatic zone. -ex-kinnaur, pangi, lahaul spiti, other major peaks in Himachal, SUBJECT WISE DETAILED STRATEGY FOR HAS /IAS. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize,… Read More » -with increase in hight very less vegetation. 2.1-wet temprate zone- Agro Climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh • ZONE 1 ( SHIVALIK HILL ZONE ) : - It occupies about 30% of the geographical area and about 33% of the cultivated area of the state.-The altitude of this zone varies from 350-1500m.-This zone receives 165 mm of rainfall . Sub-Humid Sub-Tropical zone. -high snow fall MID HILL ZONE: This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. -subtypes -unpredictable climate, 3.Higher alpine Arctic climate-2500 to 4500m Each agro-ecological zone has its distinct climatic and soil conditions. The Polar type of climate is found in the states of Uttrakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir (U.T). It occupies a region of scenic splendor in the western Himalayas, offering a multitextured display of mountains, gorges, thickly forested valleys, lakes, fields, and streams. It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. … Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh August 5, 2020 Rahul Dhatwalia Geography, Articles Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450-6500mtrs). The major crops are Wheat, Maize, Barley, Black Gram, Beans, Paddy etc. This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. you can ping us on: Rahul loves to read article on internet, He crawls over whole net for interesting and unknown facts. Flora of this region is similar to that of Tarai belt.   – elevation upto -750m This zone possesses good pastures and meadows. 2.2 cool humid temprate zone - Soil of this zone are mostly sandy loam in texture with loamy patches. 1.1 Lower tropical climate- Geographically, this region lies in the lower portion of West Bengal. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. -with increase in hight very less vegetation Himachal Pradesh > Mandi. It even experiences heavy … 1.2-sub tropical climate Get Shimla's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Agro-climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh- Himachal Pradesh is divided into 4 Agro-Climatic Zones. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. Total 4 classification We are bound to work towards this noble cause. All Rights Reserved 2001 Department Of Agriculture Himachal Pradesh Site Developed & Maintained By: Your email address will not be published. 2.1- wet temprate zone The special characteristics of this zone are absence of snow fall. -confined to wet mountain slopes of Dalhousie, Dharamshala, Kangra and Palampur Also, the temperature of the warmest month ranges from 0⁰C to 10⁰C. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450–900 metres) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900–1800 metres), cool and temperate (1900–2400 metres) and cold glacial and alpine (2400–4800 metres) in the northern and eastern high elevated mountain ranges. – elevation -upto 1500m 7 Soil Classification Map of Himachal Pradesh Fig. Of large cardamom ( Amomum subulatum Roxb. this zone covers about 35 % of the month... 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